Sabah is a state on the northern part of the Island of Borneo in Malaysia.
Sabah is the second largest state in Malaysia and a great place for adventure travelers to visit. The state capital is Kota Kinabalu. Because this area is so unique and geographically isolated, there are species of plants and animals that only exist there.
The State of Sabah is filled with numerous national parks. Perhaps the most famous is the Mount Kinabalu National Park. This is a lovely botanical area filled with flora and fauna that range over four different climatic zones, including lowland forest, coniferous forest, alpine meadow and the stunted climate of the summit zone. The mountainous area is famous for its numerous carnivorous plants and a multitude of orchid species, some of which are endemic to the area. There are numerous endemic animal species, such as the Kinabalu Giant Red Leech and the Kinabalu Giant earthworm.
Another fascinating national park is the Turtle Islands National Park, also called the Pulau Penya National Park. It’s a place consisting of three islands and surrounding coral reefs that is famous for its hawksbill turtles and green turtles; it includes a turtle hatchery established in 1966 and other turtle hatcheries exist on neighboring islands. The turtles are tagged for research and visitors can see the hatcheries and the turtles in their natural habitat.
Those interested in marine life can attend the Tunka Abdul Rahman National Park. It’s a 49 square mile park consisting of five islands, coral reefs and oceans in Sabah established in 1974. Its largest island is called Gaya, which reaches an elevation of 300 meters. Covered with dense tropical forest, there are hiking trails for adventure travelers and some resorts to stay in. There is, however, a very large stilt village on the island occupied by illegal Filipino immigrants. This is not a safe place to travel to. Beachgoers can go to Police Beach on Gaya or swim the many surrounding coral reefs which are in great condition.